Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ, TMJD or TMD) cause tenderness and pain in your jaw, face, and head and neck.
These disorders occur as a result of problems with the temporomandibular joint, which is the hinge joint on each side of your head in front of your ears that connects the lower jawbone to your skull.
Possible causes of the disorder are:
- Injury to the jaw, the joint or muscles of the head and neck such as from a heavy blow or whiplash
- Grinding or clenching your teeth
- Dislocation of the ball and socket
- Arthritis in the TMJ
If you grind your teeth at night, you may need a bite guard or mouth guard to protect your teeth and prevent them from meshing together.
Certain causes may also affect your bite, which in turn may require corrective dental treatment. We can improve your bite by balancing the surfaces of your teeth, replacing missing teeth or replacing fillings or crowns.
Maintaining a stable bite is essential to your oral health and ensures that your teeth will come in contact in the most pain-free manner possible.